MATR365 Radiation damage in materials course (5 credits)

MATR365 Radiation damage in materials course (5 credits)

Notes prepared and course lectured by Prof. Kai Nordlund, with one lecture given by Doc. Flyura Djurabekova and one by Doc. Antti Kuronen

The course was given in Swedish in Spring 2014, but the lecture notes were prepared fully in English. Translations of terminology provided to the local languages Finnish and Swedish are given in the notes. The notes are being continuously updated. .

  • Original web page in Swedish

    Prerequisite knowledge: Physics 1st year University level studies, thermodynamics, the structure of matter, basics of crystal structures and quantum mechanics.

    Lecture notes

    Chapter 1: Introduction
    Chapter 2: Overview of penetration mechanisms
    Chapter 3: Electronic stopping, SRIM, and swift heavy ion effects (updated Oct 25, 2017)
    Chapter 4 (Flyura Djurabekova): Nuclear stopping and binary collisions
    Chapter 5: Production of primary damage from many-body collisions
    Chapter 6: Defects in materials
    Chapter 7 (Antti Kuronen): Radiation effects in biological materials
    Chapter 8: Evolution of damage over long time scales
    Chapter 9: Radiation damage and dislocations
    Chapter 10 a: Macroscopic consequences and applications of radiation, part a.
    Chapter 10 b: Macroscopic consequences and applications of radiation, part b.

  • Animations are missing in the PDF files, but are all available here by the names given in the notes. Other demonstration animations are available on a separate web page .

    If you notice serious errors in the lecture notes, pleaselet the lecturer know! The intent is to keep improving these notes with time.


    Background material

  • Tutorial materials on radiation physics by the main lecturer

  • Article [Ave98], R. S. Averback and T. Diaz de la Rubia. Displacement damage in irradiated metals and semiconductors. In H. Ehrenfest and F. Spaepen, editors, Solid State Physics 51 (1998) 281--402. Academic Press, New York, 1998.
  • Article [JAPreview09], A. V. Krasheninnikov and K. Nordlund, Ion and electron irradiation-induced effects in nanostructured materials, J. Appl. Phys. (Applied Physics Reviews) 107, 071301 (2010).
  • Article [Nor13a], K. Nordlund and F. Djurabekova, Multiscale modelling of irradiation in nanostructures, J. Comput. Electr. 13, 122 (2014)

  • Educational dislocation animations at SIMAP

    Availability for examination

    This course is as of Feb 2015 available for self-study and examination by any University of Helsinki student via the "examinarium" (formerly known as "tenttiakvaario") system of our university. This means that after you have studied all the material and believe you master it, you can go anytime during office hours to take a final exam in one of the "examiarium" rooms.

    The time for taking the exam can be booked at: https://examinarium.helsinki.fi/enroll/MATR365/exam/335 .

    Advice: first login with your university id, then select "Matemaattis-luonnontieteellinen tiedekunta" after which the course is visible. Then click "Valitse tämä tentti" and select a free time and place that suits you from the calendar provided.

    The exam works as follows: after you enter the exam space and log in to the system, the computer will generate you automatically a set of questions, selected randomly from a large pool of questions prepared in advance. For this particular course, these contain 10 definitions selected from almost all terms given in bold font in the lecture notes (2 points each), 2 longer essay questions (6 points each) from sections 1-5 and 2 longer essay questions from sections 6-10. The answers are then typed on in a computer, which is not on the internet. The exam space is monitored via videocamera by the janitors. You are not allowed to take any assisting material to the exam space (and use of mobile phone is of course not allowed.

    For now, the answers can be given in text only-format (i.e. equations and figures cannot be drawn), but the questions are made in such a way that it is possible to answer them without writing equations explicitly. Note that some of the questions do deal with describing the physics behind the equations given in the lecture notes, so you cannot ignore the equations.

    The exam questions are in English, except for the definitions also the translation to Finnish and Swedish is provided whenever these were given in the lecture notes. You can answer the exam in English, Swedish, or Finnish.

    After the exams, the responses are sent by email to the lecturer who will correct them in time (you are welcome to remind him if you do not hear from him within ~ 3 weeks or so).



    Kai Nordlund